Libya, a in large part wilderness nation wealthy in oil, used to be maximum not too long ago recognized for the 42-year rule of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi and the chaos that adopted his departure.
Libya used to be dominated by way of foreigners for hundreds of years till it received independence in 1951. Quickly after, oil used to be came upon, which introduced the rustic nice wealth.
Colonel Gaddafi seized energy in 1969 and dominated for 4 a long time ahead of being overthrown in 2011 in an rebellion fueled by way of Western army intervention.
Lately, the rustic has develop into a key staging space for migrants heading to Europe and a supply of world pressure as rival governments within the west and east search to determine national keep an eye on.
The overthrow of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 resulted in an influence vacuum and instability, with the government totally out of keep an eye on.
Since 2014, Libya has been divided into rival political and army factions based totally in Tripoli and the east.
Libya’s media atmosphere is very polarized and in large part unregulated, reflecting the rustic’s political instability.
Satellite tv for pc TV is a key supply of stories and plenty of channels are based totally out of doors of Libya.
Journalism is bad; newshounds face threats and assaults.
Some key dates in fashionable Libyan historical past:
1911-12 – Italy captures Libya from the Ottomans.
1942 – The Allies are pushing the Italians out of Libya.
1951 – Libya turns into unbiased.
1969 – Muammar Gaddafi, 27, overthrows King Idris.
1992 – The UN imposes sanctions in opposition to Libya in reference to the explosion of a PanAm airliner over the Scottish town of Lockerbie in December 1988.
2011 – Violent protests get away in Benghazi and unfold to different towns. This ends up in civil warfare, international intervention and, in the end, to the overthrow and loss of life of Colonel Gaddafi.
2016 – After years of war, a brand new UN-backed govt has been put in in Tripoli. He faces opposition from rival governments and a number of militias.