Kenya Profile – Timeline

Cheetahs in the Masai Mara, Kenya

Cheetahs in Kenya’s Masai Mara

Chronology of primary occasions:

from 3.3 million BC – Proof that one of the vital earliest human gear have been present in Kenya means that it used to be the cradle of mankind from which descendants migrated to populate the arena.

600 – The Arabs start to settle within the coastal areas, over the centuries creating industry bases that facilitated contacts with the Arab global, Persia and India.

1895 – Formation of the British Protectorate of East Africa.

1920 – The East African Protectorate turns into the crown colony of Kenya, dominated by way of a British governor.

Mau Mau

1944 – The Kenya African Union (KAU) used to be created to marketing campaign for African independence. First African appointment to a legislative council.

1947 – Jomo Kenyatta turns into the chief of the KAU.

1952-53 – A secret Kikuyu guerrilla staff referred to as the Mau Mau launches a brutal marketing campaign in opposition to the white settlers. State of emergency declared, Jomo Kenyatta imprisoned, KAU banned.

1956 – The Mau Mau insurrection is overwhelmed.

1960 – The state of emergency ends. Britain proclaims plans to organize Kenya for majority African rule. Kenya African Nationwide Union (kanu) shaped by way of Tom Mboya and Oginga Odinga.

Independence

1961 – Jomo Kenyatta, free of two years of area arrest, turns into president of Kanu.

1963 – Kenya beneficial properties independence and Mr. Kenyatta turns into high minister.

1964 – Shaped the Republic of Kenya. Jomo Kenyatta turns into president and Oginga Odinga turns into vp.

1966 – Mr. Odinga leaves Kanu after an ideological break up and bureaucracy the Kenya Other people’s Union (KPU).

1969 – The assassination of presidency minister Tom Mboya sparked ethnic unrest. The CPU banned it, and Mr. Odinga used to be arrested. Kanu is the one social gathering operating within the elections.

1974 – Kenyatta is re-elected.

Moi generation

1978 — Kenyatta dies in place of business, succeeded by way of Vice President Daniel arap Moi.

1982 June – The Nationwide Meeting formally declares Kenya a one-party state.

1987 – Opposition teams are suppressed. Global grievance of political arrests and human rights violations.

1991 August – Discussion board for the Recovery of Democracy (Ford) shaped by way of six opposition leaders, together with Oginga Odinga The social gathering is outlawed and its contributors are arrested. Lenders droop help to Kenya amid harsh world condemnation.

1991 December – Kanu’s Particular Convention is of the same opinion to introduce a multi-party political machine.

1992 – About 2,000 other folks died in tribal conflicts within the west of the rustic.

Multi-party elections

1992 December – President Moi is re-elected in multi-party elections. Kanu wins a robust majority.

1994 – Oginga Odinga dies. Opposition teams shape a coalition, the United Nationwide Democratic Alliance, however it’s plagued by way of divisions.

1997 December – President Moi wins a brand new time period in a broadly criticized election. His primary combatants are former vp Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga, son of Oginga Odinga.

Ambassador Bomb

1998 August – Al-Qaeda combatants bomb the USA embassy in Nairobi, killing 224 other folks and injuring hundreds.

2002 July – Round 200 Masai and Samburu obtain over $7 million in reimbursement from the British Division of Protection. Tribesmen were killed or maimed by way of British Military explosives left on their land for the previous 50 years.

2002 November – An al-Qaeda assault on an Israeli-owned resort close to Mombasa kills 10 Kenyans and wounds 3 Israelis. The simultaneous rocket assault at the Israeli airliner failed.

Kibaki victory

2002 December – Elections. Mwai Kibaki wins a landslide victory, finishing Daniel arap Moi’s 24-year reign and Kanu’s 4 many years of rule.

2004 October – Kenyan environmentalist Wangari Maathai receives the Nobel Peace Prize.

2005 November December. The citizens reject the proposed new charter, which is noticed as a protest in opposition to President Kibaki.

2007 December – A disputed presidential election ends up in violence that kills greater than 1,500 other folks.

The federal government and the opposition come to an settlement on power-sharing in February, and in April a cupboard is agreed upon.

Charter licensed

2010 July – Kenya joins its neighbors in forming the brand new East African Commonplace Marketplace to combine the area’s economies.

2010 August – A brand new charter, designed to restrict the powers of the president and switch persistent to the areas, licensed by way of referendum.

2011 August-September – Somali jihadists from al-Shabaab raid Kenyan coastal hotels and refugee camps, focused on foreigners.

Troops in Somalia

2011 October – Kenyan troops input Somalia to assault insurgents they accuse of being curious about a number of kidnappings of foreigners on Kenyan soil. Kenya is topic to a number of retaliatory assaults.

2012 January – The Global Legal Courtroom regulations that a number of distinguished Kenyans must stand trial for violence after the 2007 elections.

2012 March – Oil found out. President Kibaki calls it a “primary step forward.”

2012 Might – Greater than 30 individuals are injured in an al-Shabaab assault on a mall in Nairobi.

2012 Aug. Sept. Over 100 individuals are killed in communal clashes over land and assets in Coastal Province.

5 other folks died because of riots by way of Muslim protesters in Mombasa after the capturing of Aboud preacher Rogo Mohammed, accused by way of the UN of recruiting and financing Islamist al-Shabaab militants in Somalia.

Kenyatta wins the election

2013 March – Uhuru Kenyatta, son of Kenya’s first president, wins the presidential election with simply over 50% of the vote. A problem to the consequences by way of his primary rival, High Minister Raila Odinga, has been pushed aside by way of the Ideal Courtroom.

2013 June – The British executive says it sincerely regrets the torture of hundreds of Kenyans throughout the suppression of the Mau Mau insurgency within the Fifties and guarantees £20 million in reimbursement.

2013 September – Deputy President William Ruto pleads now not accountable on the Global Legal Courtroom to fees of crimes in opposition to humanity in reference to post-2007 election violence.

Al-Shabaab boosts assaults

2013 September – Somali al-Shabaab militants take over the Westgate buying groceries heart in Nairobi and kill over 60 other folks, announcing they would like the Kenyan army out of Somalia.

A relative of a victim of the 2015 Garissa College massacre cries in the Nairobi morgue.

The bloodbath of 148 scholars at Garissa Faculty in 2015 horrified Kenya and drew grievance from the protection forces.

2014 June – 48 individuals are killed when al-Shabaab militants assault motels and a police station in Mpeketoni, close to the island lodge of Lamu.

2014 December – Prosecutors on the Global Legal Courtroom drop fees in opposition to President Kenyatta in reference to post-election violence in 2007, bringing up inadequate proof.

2015 April – Al-Shabaab bloodbath Garissa College Faculty in northwestern Kenya, killing 148 other folks.

2017 February – The federal government announces a drought affecting a lot of the rustic a countrywide crisis.

2017 Might – A brand new multi-billion greenback rail line opens connecting Mombasa to the capital Nairobi, the rustic’s greatest infrastructure undertaking since independence.

2017 August-October – President Kenyatta is said the winner of the presidential election in August, in addition to the re-election in October.

2020 January – Somali jihadists al-Shabaab assault Camp Simba army base close to Lamu, killing 3 American citizens.

2022 August – Vice President William Ruto narrowly wins the presidential election, defeating his archrival, Raila Odinga.

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