Egypt nation profile

Egypt Map

Egypt Map

Egypt is the biggest Arab nation and performs a central function in Center East politics.

Within the Nineteen Fifties, President Gamal Abdel Nasser pioneered Arab nationalism and the non-aligned motion, and his successor Anwar Sadat made peace with Israel and grew to become to the West.

The huge towns of Egypt and virtually all agricultural process are concentrated alongside the banks of the Nile and its delta.

The economic system is closely depending on agriculture, tourism and remittances from Egyptians operating out of the country – principally in Saudi Arabia and the Gulf states.

Alternatively, speedy inhabitants enlargement and restricted arable land are draining the rustic’s sources and economic system, and political unrest steadily paralyzes govt efforts to handle those issues.

President: Abdel Fattah al-Sisi

Egyptian President Sisi

Egyptian President Sisi

Retired Box Marshal Abdel Fattah el-Sisi used to be elected president in Would possibly 2014, just about a 12 months after he ousted his elected predecessor Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood in a coup.

Along with the issue of Egypt’s economic system, President Sisi has to care for an Islamist insurgency on his borders with Israel and Gaza.

Reading newspapers in a Cairo cafe

Studying newspapers in a Cairo cafe

Egypt is a significant regional media participant. Its tv and picture trade provides content material to a lot of the Arabic-speaking global, and its press is extremely influential.

Tv is the favourite medium and there are a number of primary gamers within the sector, together with the state broadcaster.

The government are tightening keep watch over over conventional and social media to an extraordinary stage.

Journalists With out Borders says Egypt is “one of the crucial global’s biggest prisons” for newshounds.

Learn complete media profile

Some key dates in fashionable Egyptian historical past:

Cairo skyline

Cairo, the populous capital of Egypt

1805 – Ottoman Albanian commander Muhammad Ali establishes a dynasty that reigns till 1952, even if nominally a part of the Ottoman Empire.

1869 – The development of the Suez Canal is done, however it and different infrastructure initiatives are virtually ruining the rustic and are step by step resulting in a British takeover.

1922 – Egypt features independence, even if British affect stays important till the mid-Nineteen Fifties.

1952 – The coup introduced Gamal Abdel Nasser to energy. He contrasts Egypt with the conservative Arab monarchies of the Persian Gulf and Western pursuits within the Center East.

1956 – Britain, France and Israel invade on account of the nationalization of the Suez Canal, however retreat on the urging of america.

1978 – President Anwar Sadat makes peace with Israel.

1981 – President Sadat is assassinated by means of Islamist extremists.

2011 – The preferred rebellion of the “Arab Spring” ended in the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak.

2013 – The coup resulted within the overthrow of Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood, the rustic’s first freely elected president. Military commander Abdul Fattah al-Sisi takes over.

Egyptian President Nasser

The Suez Disaster of 1956 made Egyptian President Nasser a hero within the eyes of the Arabs.

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